Metallurgical production and ready-made metal products
Metallurgy in the republic is one of the most important sectors in manufacturing. The republic uses modern technologies and produces bronze, brass, iron castings, including bars, bushings, bearing shells, wheels, slabs, plain bearings for forging, drilling, metallurgical and welding equipment; spare parts and accessories for railway, construction and special machinery; springs with high strength, durability and geometric accuracy performance. Thanks to research projects, modernization and reconstruction of the existing hardware, new technologies have been developed that create unique specialized production of plain bars and the whole range of shafts for submersible pumps.
Machinery and equipment production
The main industries include production of machinery and equipment. This sector shows a sustainable growth, and accounts for more than 20% of the manufacturing industries. The companies offer a wide range of products: sawmill and gas-welding equipment, agricultural machinery, foam rubber production equipment and more. Also spare parts for industrial vehicles, car parts, components and accessories are being supplied. The following industries are worth noting: Small arms production At present, the Udmurt Republic enterprises produce up to 80 percent of the small arms used by the Russian Army. Izhevsk enterprises account for over 95% of Russian combat weapons export and 75% of sports and hunting weapons export. The wide range of civilian and service weapons include: assault rifles, sniper rifles, submachine guns, semi-automatic and rifling smoothbore carbines, smooth-bore, rifling and combination hunting and sporting weapons, service and sporting handguns, air rifles and pistols, collector’s weapons.
Oil and gas equipment
The republic produces oil, gas and peat. Therefore, the enterprises that produce and sell the following are highlighted: oilfield equipment for installation of submersible diaphragm electric pumps for stripper gas wells; gas separator shafts, seal section shafts used in the oil industry; oilfield drilling, construction and maintenance equipment; service equipment for oil and gas production and tire industry; electron-beam, automatic argon-arc and resistance welding equipment; production tools, special and non-standard equipment.
Production of electric, electronic and optical equipment This sector is a priority for the republic. The positive growth over the past few years, and an increase in the share of manufacturing industries show a positive trend of its development. The wide range of electric equipment and motors of different types (explosion-proof, asynchronous for elevator hoist, for DC, for electric vehicles) is presented, as well as various kinds of electric equipment and lighting engineering for cars. The electric medical equipment is also produced: massage systems and complexes with unique technology of intensive and revitalizing massage and more.
Chemical production accounts for 3% of the manufacture. The industry has been increasing rapidly in recent years. The chemical industry manufacturers produce paints and varnishes: colorants, water-dispersion acrylic paints, primers, spackling paste; isolon and its products; foam rubber and its products; various car details made of plastic, polyurethane elastomers and other PVC materials; organic liquid fertilizer for all types of agricultural and decorative crops.
Textile and garment manufacture
Textile manufacturers are one of the most important contributors to the republic’s economy, as their products, in addition to the wide variety and high quality, are known for beauty and elegance. Companies of the industry can be divided into two groups: the first are the companies that specialize in sewing industrial clothing, knitwear and uniform for emergency services, traffic police and the Ministry of Defense, as well as clothes for hunting, fishing and tourism; the second group are the companies that were formed in the Soviet times and continue the tradition of sewing casual clothes, and also produce felted handmade products.
Woodworking and timber products
Despite the slight share in the manufacturing industries (3.5%), this sector is socially significant in terms of employment and socio-economic development of lumber camps. Timber manufacturers harvest and process timber to produce various goods: lumber, particle board, furniture board, joinery products, decorative coating for particle board lamination, synthetic resin for particle board and plywood, solid wood furniture, kids and nursery furniture, school and office supplies, toys.
Flax has been cultivated in Russia since ancient times and has always been in demand abroad. The Udmurt Republic is among the top four regions in Russia in terms of gross production of flax fiber and cultivated areas. The climate of the region is one of the most favorable for the cultivation of this crop. The product range of the flax-processing plants includes long fiber, short fiber in the form of a band, linen batting, folded yarn (hemp rope and twine), linseed oil and flaxseed. In future it is planned to produce linen thread, flax insulation, linen cotton.
Food production, honey
The quality of food products in Udmurtia traditionally meets the highest standards. These products include dairy and meat, vegetables, confectionery, alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages. Only organic raw materials are used in production. Moreover, beekeepers offer a wide range of natural and quality products: white honey, propolis, bee pollen, pollen, comb capping, and other bee products. Pulp and paper industry; publishing and printing The printing market of the republic is represented by many companies that offer a huge selection of promotional print and merchandise. They sell different packaging made of pulp, waste paper, design cardboard, corrugated cardboard, chromo board and micro-corrugated cardboard of different types.
Today we witness the rapid development of the information technology and communications market which is an important factor in the development of business and successful competition in the region. The IT sector in Udmurtia employs more than 3000 workers. Sixty percent of the companies (out of 150 IT-companies in the Udmurt Republic in 2012) have their own unique developments.
At present, the Republic has 23 craft studios that create unique, highly artistic, recognizable products. The following productions successfully develop in the republic: weaving; bark, straw, leather and metal crafts; carving and painting on wood; basket weaving; ceramics, folk toys, folk costume manufacture; lace making; joinery and turnery; tapestry, patchwork; stone painting; patterned knitting, felting, batik. The lost and forgotten technologies of the traditional embroidery, making of the Udmurt national musical instruments, bone carving and cooperage have been revived.
Many kinds of tourism get ground in the Udmurt Republic, including the most popular: cultural and educational, hunting and fishing, business, rural, event, active (including sports and recreation), health-related, and ecotourism. The republic’s tourist complex consists of almost 2,500 facilities of different purpose and departmental affiliation. More than 3,000 foreigners visit Udmurtia every year, including 1,800 tourists, and more than 20,200 Russian citizens, including more than 8,000 tourists. Udmurtia offers trips of different durations: from city breaks to 1-2-week tours with staying at hotels, health resorts, guest homes, or recreation facilities. Almost all districts offer tours including visits to museums, centers of ethnic culture and folk art, houses of crafts, decorative and applied arts, and local historical and nature sites. A lot of tours include various workshops (making bast shoes, averters, pottery, traditional food, family tree, etc.). Tours can be held in administrative centers as well as in some of the district’s villages. The cities of Udmurtia – Izhevsk, Sarapul, Votkinsk, and Glazov – are the first places to welcome tourists. Udmurtia has recently seen fast development of rural tourism. Tourists are offered to stay at guest homes, such as “Zhivitsa” in the village of Kez. You can learn about the ethnic culture, traditions and practices, and the main agricultural processes through direct participation in the daily life of the hospitable hosts (making meals, including making food products, looking after domestic animals, agricultural work, picking mushrooms and berries, fishing, going to banya, and so on). Tourists also participate in celebrations and ceremonies if they are held. If it is possible, optional cultural and educational tours around the district are held. The Udmurt Republic has favorable nature conditions for developing health-related tourism. Our region has large resources of mineral waters and therapeutic mud with unique qualities, which is the base for mud therapy and balneotherapy. The most popular health resorts in Udmurtia are Izhevsk city, villages Uva and Varzi-Yatchi. It is worth mentioning the possibility of hunting and fishing tourism. Our republic is a home for almost all kinds of animals typical of our climate zone: 49 kinds of mammals, around 190 kinds of birds, and 42 kinds of fish. Udmurtia has the largest population of moose in Russia (along with the Yaroslavl region) and a very high population of wild boars (around 4,500) and hares (around 40,000). Their habitat is virtually the entire Udmurtia. 70-80 bears are hunted in our republic every year. They are usually found in the most forested part of the region – from Yak-Bodya District to the north borders of Udmurtia. Duck and goose hunting is popular, especially in spring and autumn when the birds migrate. These seasons are high for hunting swimming birds in the basins of the Kama and Cheptsa rivers, as well as in other water basins of Udmurtia. Pheasant hunting can be considered a special offer in Udmurtia. Pheasants do not usually live in our climate. However, in our republic they are artificially bred for hunting, since it is popular. Udmurtia has the only in Russia kennel for West Siberian laikas. It is situated in the Selty District. If requested, hunters can purchase purebred and trained dogs as well as watch them hunt wild boars and bears. Such a magnificent and diverse wildlife and enough hunting and fishing facilities make hunting in our republic an attractive activity not only for the locals but for our guests as well.